At least since the early 19th century, myth has fueled in profound ways modern Greek history and the modern Greek literary and artistic imagination. The emergence of modern Greece in the 1830s was the outcome not only of the interplay between various historical and political forces but also of the tremendous influence classical Greece exerted on the western European imaginary, eventually serving as one of the key foundational myths of both Europe and modern Greece alike. From the mid-19th century onward another foundational myth was added to the fabric of modern Greek history and society, that of Byzantium with its rich Christian legacy, while the period of Greece‘s Ottoman past also turned out to be a rich source for the creation of new myths by the modern Greek myth-making imagination. This course is an interdisciplinary exploration of the various ways in which modern Greek writers and artists, responding to specific historical events and cultural developments, appropriated ancient Greek, Christian and Ottoman myths to reconfigure Greek history and identity. Various genres and media, such as poetry, prose and cinema, include the primary sources to be used in the course while some of the topics to be discussed involve the relation of myth to history, gender, and also to personal and collective identity. All the modern Greek literary texts will be in English translation. No prior knowledge of modern Greek history or literature is required.